White wine has existed for at least 2,500 years and has accompanied economic development and expanded every country whose inhabitants are wine drinkers such as Europe, America, Oceania. The white grapes from which white wine is mainly produced are green or yellow, leaving a large variety in grape options, allowing white wine to be produced anywhere grapes can be grown.
Some varieties are well-known such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Moscato, Pinot Grigio and Riesling. Others have a discreet existence hidden behind the name of a wine resulting from the assembly of several varieties such as Tokay, Sherry, and Sauternes. The winemaker can also use a variety with a coloured skin provided one is careful not to stain the wort during the separation of the pulp-juice. For example, Pinot Noir is commonly used to produce champagne.